Monday, September 10, 2018

Heraldry


The following is a guest blog post from Tammy Eledge
Heraldry is the science, art and system by which coats of arms and other armorial bearings and symbols are employed to distinguish individuals, armies, institutions and corporations. Coats of Arms and Armorial bearings carry symbols which originated as identification devices on flags and shields.
Forms of heraldic display appeared in England during the reign of Henry I (1068-1135) which was right after the Norman Conquest of 1066. During this time there were many feuds and wars that made it necessary to be able to identify a person or group on the battlefields. Illustrations of early heraldry started to appear to represent these new powers. A manuscript from this period shows a shield with upraised swords with a bear surrounded by geometric and angular patterns demonstrating a powerful stand against authority.
Shortly after this time male members of nobility of European countries started putting symbols on their shields that were known as “charges" which identified their families. They also put these symbols on their amour, seals and banners. Images and paintings began to show Knights with their symbols and so these became a familiar sight. This was now the beginning of a new language and becoming a way to identify families and individuals. These beginnings shaped the way we now know as the art and form of heraldry.
Heralds became the experts at identifying knights by their arms since that was part of the heralds job as a tournament official. Every knight in the tournament had a different coat of arms. The herald then began recording the arms they developed as an armorial reference. Since the heralds were familiar with all the arms the knights carried the heralds were consulted by new knights assuming arms. The heralds could tell the knights if the arms they designed conflicted with arms that had already been established.
Heralds were a loud and boisterous bunch. They came from the same group of people that were minstrels who specialized in telling epic narrative poems about deeds and actions that were accomplished. These men were hired to go along on the military campaigns to keep the troops spirits up. 
By the 13th century heralds were beginning to make their move away from minstrels and into a rank of their own. The heralds were not only announcers for the tournaments, keepers of the coat of arms, messengers and ambassadors, they had a kind of diplomatic immunity since the herald served the general cause of chivalry, as to a specific person. They were were making a name for themselves in developing the rolls that held the coat of arms, blazons, and the jargon that was associated with them. There were basically two types of rolls, the first being the occasional roll that record the knights presence at a battle or tournament and the second the recording of knights ordinaries and armorials. They were blazoned in a way that we would recognize today.
By the 14th century the heralds were now members of the chivalrous society and were highly respected. Kings and families of nobility were hiring heralds on a permanent basis. This century was where the heralds official titles were being formed. If they worked for the King the were referred to as a kings of arms. If they were kings of arms they were considered experts on the coats of arms in use within that specific region that was called a march (which later became a Lyon in Scotland and an Ulster in Ireland). The custom of hiring a herald spanned all the way from Kings to common mercenary captains because of their usefulness. He was given diplomatic immunity and he learned martial law and could identify troops by number and nature. The herald had made themselves indispensable to all ranks of society.
The royal heralds duties had expanded into assigning coats of arms to persons that were new to nobility. They tracked the nobles ancestries and descendants of the old families. They sometimes acted as witnesses in courts handling heraldic or probate cases. The Tudors and Stuarts of the British Isles established a system called heraldic visitation. It restricted the population of armigers by sending the king of arms or someone from their group to each shire to record the name of the person that held the coat of arms and their right to hold that coat of arms. 
The current repositories that manage the designs and recordings of coat of arms today are the College of Arms in England, the Court of the Lord Lyon King of Arms, in Scotland and The General Armory of England, Scotland Ireland and Wales. Heraldry today can be seen in the formal dress of nobles and clans and in decor around the world.
More information on your surname and their coat of arms can be found at Coadb.com where they can locate the coat of arms that can be identified for a surname. Other resources that they use to help identify coats of arms for surnames and you can use too are the heraldry books: Burkes General Armory, “Rietstap’s Armorial General” and Burkes Peerage and Knights.

Thursday, August 02, 2018

Why you should do a DNA test for your family history

It is Family History Month.  Join Dr. David Andreassen at Eltham Library on Thursday 9 August for DNA for Family Historians
The following is a guest blog post from library member and family history researcher Jean:
When I found a second cousin through DNA, I asked myself why I took so long to do a test.
I had looked at DNA testing and thought about it for quite a while before I finally took the plunge and ordered an Autosomal test. When I look back now I wonder why it took me so long, but hindsight is a wonderful thing!
My family history is from the United Kingdom and Ireland, specifically Cornwall, Dorset, Northumberland, Yorkshire, Essex, southern Scotland and Dublin.
When I ordered my test and waited for the results I told myself that I didn’t have many expectations, but of course, I would like to find a close relative and find some way through walls in my family history research. I know quite a bit about where my ancestors lived and worked, but where did they actually come from? Did my ancestors move as industrialisation took over, or for better opportunities for work and family? I now believe DNA can help with that.
My test results from late 2016 told me I am 68% English with an emphasis on Southern England, particularly Cornwall, so my Cornish ancestors through my maternal grandmother back to the 1600’s appear to be right. My Irish and Scottish heritage through both my mother and father are confirmed with 30% for Ireland and Scotland. The remaining 2% is Sweden! Where did that come from?
I have always been quite confident with my family history research, perhaps that’s why I took so long to decide on doing a DNA test. I have one main line of ancestors from Dublin through my g-g-g grandparents, so how do I have so much Irish ancestry? The percentage I have indicates I must have more and has put me on the right track with another line of ancestors through my mother.
It was my Scottish DNA on my mother’s side that eventually found me a second cousin living in New Zealand. I say eventually because one thing you learn as you check ‘matches’ from your DNA test is that not everyone does a test for their family history, they may only have an interest in their ethnicity. You will also have lots of 4th plus cousins. Finding a third cousin or two is great, but when I found a second cousin I was overjoyed.
I had been trying to find out more about my Scottish grandmother’s family. She had quite a few brothers and I wanted to know if there were cousins still living in or near Musselburgh (near Edinburgh). In October last year an email landed from Margaret who lives in New Zealand and wanted to know more about her mother’s family as contact had been lost when her mother was five. We quickly established that her grandfather was my grandmother’s brother and have been sharing information, photos and stories regularly since. So, another family story begins and continues.
For me a DNA test has been wonderful a success and if I only find this one second cousin I will be happy. Meeting Margaret, so far only by email and photos, has filled a huge gap in my mother’s Scottish story. I think a flight across the Tasman is in order in the near future too!
My last word is yes, do a DNA test, you never know what or who you might find.

Tuesday, July 31, 2018

History of the Handkerchief

Elizabeth Banham member of the Heidelberg Historical Society and Embroiderers Guild Victoria will be the speaker at the August meeting of Heidelberg Historical Society.
With a love of textiles and history, Elizabeth decided to research the history of handkerchiefs which she will outline in this public talk.  Handkerchiefs have been around for centuries and their functions and appearances have altered in response to changes in fashion and social etiquette overtime. From very early days when beautifully embroidered and lace handkerchiefs were important to show ones position in society, to the present day where they are more plain, handkerchiefs have always been part of our everyday use.
Tuesday 14 August, 8.00pm at Uniting Church Community Centre, Seddon Street, Ivanhoe
In the meantime be inspired by this title in our collection Hankie Couture

Monday, July 30, 2018

Education Records

Panton Hill School (1924) Shire of Eltham Pioneers Photograph Collection Yarra Plenty Regional Library in partnership with Eltham District Historical Society
It is Family History month.  Retired teacher and genealogist Beryl O'Gorman will take us back to our School Days at Lalor Library Thursday 2 August to kick off our month long program.  She will also provide tips on how to access education records for your family history research. Researching students or teachers, records can be found in the schools themselves, government and private, including church schools. Older government schools will have records archived with State Archives.  Look for published school histories, newspaper reports, photos and family records.
Facebook groups, Flickr , local history group collections and of course public library local history collections.  Online exhibitions can provide good context to the times in which your ancestors went to school including Victorian times
Yarra Plenty's E-Resources also provide some collections to search:
Find My Past have an education and work category.  Some specific collections include:
On Ancestry
and more.  Reading memoirs and biographies can also provide an insight to the school days of our family members, such as Great Australian Outback Teaching Stories
What records have you found useful to research the school days of your ancestors?

Monday, July 23, 2018

Family History Month

Researching your family history?  Feeling a bit frustrated about where to look next?  Looking for some inspiration?
From personal reminiscences to tech tips, there is something for everyone, from beginners to advanced researchers.
Expert speakers will present on accessing education records, accessing records at Public Records Office Victoria and the National Archives of Australia.  Understanding DNA for family historians and researching police.  Learn how to undertake an oral history and how to care and understand your precious family heirlooms. 
Not a serious researcher?  No worries.  Learn about conserving and looking after your photo collection, discover the story of women on the land, unleash your inner poet and write the “where I am from” poem and stories from your life, use your phone as a scanner and share your stories via the Joyflips app.  Be inspired by the stories of others, growing up in a Chinese restaurant and growing up with an Anzac veteran affected by the tragedy of war.
To see other events around Victoria and Australia that family history groups, public libraries and community groups are organising visit the National Family History Month website. 
Be inspired and unlock your family history this August.

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Family History services at SLV to move


State Library Victoria are undertaking a major re-development via their Vision 2020 Redevelopment Project which will transform the library space and its services.

From 24 August 2018 to 20 September the Newspaper and Family History Reading Room and the Arts Reading Room will be moving to beautiful new spaces. They will re-open on 21 September.

The Courtyard closures research guide has now been published. The guide details what resources will be unavailable when the courtyards close from August 24. It also lists what resources will still be available, i.e. Ancestry, and suggests alternate sources.  This guide appears on the research guide homepage

Image: [Public Library, Melbourne. Library/Museum facade]  Creator: Victorian Railways, photographer. Date: [ca. 1945- ca.1954] State Library Victoria

Thursday, June 28, 2018

Cemetery Research



Lee Anthony from Friends of Coburg Cemetery recently spoke at Diamond Valley Library as part of the monthly Family History Fest program.  The cemetery is managed by the Greater Metropolitan Cemeteries Trust.  A Deceased search can be conducted on their website for all nineteen cemeteries in the Melbourne area under their care.

If you are researching your family history or have an interest in locating the final resting place of your ancestor consider the following:

Final resting place should be indicated on the death certificate of your ancestor.

Another source for the final resting place may be a death, funeral notice or newspaper obituary.

Look for the website for your cemetery of interest – and then see if there is a “deceased search” facility to find out about the cemetery and the specific location you are interested in.

Look for a Friends Group associated with the Cemetery who may possibly have information on your ancestor.  They may have developed a self-guided tour as the Friends of Coburg Cemetery have done, as well as conduct regular walks in person.


Visit the cemetery either in person or virtually via Google street view


Check opening hours and grave location before your visit. You may need to contact the Cemetery Trust / Caretaker /Local Council beforehand


Look to see if your cemetery has had a headstone indexing project in the past – GSV facilitated these a while ago. Search the collections of family history groups or your public library.


Your grave may not have a headstone.   Check directly with the cemetery for details of names who may share “your” grave.


Headstones inscriptions projects are just that – not a list of all the burials.  They may not necessarily include all the internments in the grave and do not include unmarked graves.


Some headstones may commemorate a person who is actually not buried at that location (for example war dead)


Take a note of names on neighbouring graves, including the row your grave is in - as these may be connected to your family.


Photograph and transcribe inscriptions on headstones for your records. 


There are a number of websites aggregating information from cemeteries, including photographs of headstones.  These include Billion Graves and Find My Grave with content constantly being added.